The Maijishan Grottoes, China.


The Maijishan Grottoes are a series of caves, 194 in total, cut in the side of the hill of Majishan in Tianshui, China. The caves contain over 7,200 Buddhist sculptures with over 1,000 square meters of murals. Construction began around the end of the 4th century cutting small caves into the mountain of purplish red sandstone. Although the region has fallen victim to many earthquakes the caves remain intact, all excavated on the cliff face some 30 to 80 meters above ground.


A similar collection of caves can be found 90km northwest of Beijing, China. The Guyaju caves were occupied during China's Tang Dynasty.